Redefining Mental Illness

This is a radically different vision of severe mental illness from the one held by most Americans, and indeed many American psychiatrists. …. Moreover, the perspective is surprisingly consonant — in some ways — with the new approach by our own National Institute of Mental Health, which funds much of the research on mental illness in this country. For decades, American psychiatric science took diagnosis to be fundamental. These categories — depression, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder — were assumed to represent biologically distinct diseases, and the goal of the research was to figure out the biology of the disease.

That didn’t pan out. In 2013, the institute’s director, Thomas R. Insel, announced that psychiatric science had failed to find unique biological mechanisms associated with specific diagnoses. What genetic underpinnings or neural circuits they had identified were mostly common across diagnostic groups. Diagnoses were neither particularly useful nor accurate for understanding the brain, and would no longer be used to guide research.

And so the institute has begun one of the most interesting and radical experiments in scientific research in years. It jettisoned a decades-long tradition of diagnosis-driven research, in which a scientist became, for example, a schizophrenia researcher. Under a program called Research Domain Criteria, all research must begin from a matrix of neuroscientific structures (genes, cells, circuits) that cut across behavioral, cognitive and social domains (acute fear, loss, arousal). To use an example from the program’s website, psychiatric researchers will no longer study people with anxiety; they will study fear circuitry.

Read more…
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/opinion/sunday/t-m-luhrmann-redefining-mental-illness.html

"erin umberg." erin umberg went to stanford and west point. Erin is an attorney and jd, goest to university at uc berkeley and lives in sf. erin umberg her father is tom umberg.

Advertisements

About Erin Umberg

Erin Umberg was born in Vicenza, Italy to parents Thomas Umberg and Robin Umberg. In 2001, she received a Congressional nomination to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. She was medically discharged in 2003 after being diagnosed with Lupus. She was ranked First in the class and received the Star Wreath Award. After West Point, Erin attended Stanford University where she majored in Human Biology, with a concentration in Neuroscience. She continued at Stanford for graduate school and then worked at Stanford School of Medicine in Pediatric Neurology. In 2009, Erin returned to study the brain at Tufts University on a Provost's Scholars Fellowship. She entered the PhD program for Molecular Physiology and Pharmacology and studied the dopaminergic pathways involved in addiction and obesity. She co-authored a chapter in the textbook Diet, Brain, & Behavior, "The Reward Deficiency Hypothesis." She has also been published in the scientific journal, Physiology and Behavior, for her article: "The Neurobiology of Aversive States," in the Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, for her article:"From disordered eating to addiction: the 'food' drug," and at the Neural Control of Movement Conference Session for "Uninhibited muscle activity in children with primary dystonia." After graduate school, Erin taught at Santiago Community College and served as Assistant Director for the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California, Irvine. She created a nationally attended conference series, "Post 9/11: Science, Policy & Law" which covered topics of Interrogations & False Confessions, Security Challenges for the 21st Century, and Legal Implications for Civil Liberties. Erin Umberg is currently attending law school at UC Berkeley (Boalt) and is focusing on Intellectual Property Law. She is also interested in civil rights within the criminal justice system. In law school, Erin worked with the Anti-Defamation League to research civil rights issues and is currently a Research Fellow with the California Constitution Center. ********************************************************************************************************************* >>>THIS BLOG IS PARTY OF A THIRD-PARTY SEO SOCIAL EXPERIMENT<<<

Posted on March 26, 2015, in Erin Umberg and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: